Unesco

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Unesco World Heritage

Humanity has added new value to the places it has lived upon, and left behind masterpieces that carry Its culture to ensuing generations. To affirm the values accepted as the common heritage of all humanity, and to promote them and to transfer them to future generations, UNESCO adopted, “The Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage” in its General Conference held in Paris in 1972. Turkey ratified the Convention on 23 May 1982.

The World Heritage List Is a list of global sites of cultural and natural heritage considered to be of outstanding value to humanity. UNESCO, which alms to ensure International cooperation In protecting the values that form the common heritage of humanity, takes Into consideration unique values with respect to cultural and natural criteria.

At the end of 2008, there were 878 cultural and natural heritage sites from all around the world inscribed in the World Heritage List. These Include 679 cultural/archaeological sites, 174 natural sites and also 25 mixed (cultural/natural) sites.
Turkey has 10 properties Inscribed In the UNESCO World Heritage List, and 26 nominated properties are in the Tentative List. This publication is prepared by the Directorate General for Promotion of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. It aims to promote the sites Inscribed In the UNESCO World Heritage List, and raise awareness in transferring Turkey’s cultural heritage to future generations.
Turkey in World Heritage

Turkey is a vast country full of unique natural landscapes and a rich history and culture spanning centuries where great civilisations have lived and roamed. As a great many have already discovered, there is much more to Turkey than its beautiful beaches and warm weather; indeed, Turkey has 9 registered locations on UNESCO’s (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation’s) World Heritage dotted all around the country.

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Two of these wonders were situated in what is now Turkey – although neither has survived to the present day: The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus and the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

The Temple was built to house the cult image of Artemis Ephesia which shares many features in common with the Anatolian Mother Goddess Cybele. The temple was devastated by fire in 262 AD, and although the temple itself has not survived, some of its sculptures have and are now housed in the British Museum in London

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus, in what is now Bodrum, was built of white marble, some 135 feet high. It was the tomb of the Persian Governor of Caria, Mausollos. The tomb’s fame spread to such an extent that the word ‘mausoleum’ is taken from a corruption of the Latin form, Mausolus, of the governor’s name. Today, only the foundations remain, although some of the sculptures can be seen in the British Museum in London.

Istanbul

The city of Istanbul, the only city in the world to straddle two continents, was the capital of three great empires: The East Roman, The Byzantine and the Ottoman, embossing the city with a stunning architectural and cultural legacy manifested as a melting-pot of palaces, churches, mosques, synagogues and countless other historic public and private buildings.

“The Historic Areas of Istanbul” were added to UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1985, and are composed of four main areas: The Archaeological Park, Süleymaniye Mosque and its associated Conservation Area, Zeyrek Mosque and its associated Conservation Area, Historic Walls of Istanbul.

Cappadocia

Cappadocia’s Göreme valley and its surroundings are one of the most mysterious and extraordinary natural landscapes in the world, even featuring as a backdrop in a Star Wars film. Over time, wind and weather have sculpted the sensual curves of this once-volcanic region, forming the pinnacles and peaks now known as ‘fairy chimneys’
This spectacular landscape has been the home of humans since the 4th century and the area is literally infused with cave dwellings, troglodyte villages and underground towns, as well as unique evidence of Byzantine art from the post-Iconoclastic period, much of which has been carefully restored.

Pamukkale Hierapolis

It was the thermal waters which lead to the founding of the spa town of Hierapolis at the end of the 2nd century BC by the dynasty of the Attalids, the kings of Pergamon. The remains, which can be visited today, include the ancient ruins of the baths, temples, the well-preserved theatre and the largest necropolis or graveyard in Anatolia containing 1200 tombs.

Troy

Troy is, however, also of archaeological significance. Unearthed in the 19th Century by a Germany archaeologist, the site is formed of nine cities dating back to 3000 BC. The fortifications from the 6th city can still be seen, fortifications which were defended by Priam and his sons Hector and Paris – and into which the Greeks smuggled their famous wooden horse.

Unesco Tentative List

1) Izmir, Selcuk, Ephesus (1994)
2) Antalya, Karain Cave (1994)
3) Trabzon, Sumela Monastery (2000)
4) Mersin, Alahan Monastery (2000)
5) Antalya, Demre, St. Nicholas Church(2000)
6) Sanliurfa, Harran and Sanliurfa Settlements (2000)
7) Bitlis, The Tombstones of Ahlat the Urartian and Ottoman Citadel (2000)
8  Diyarbakir, The Citadel and the Walls of Diyarbakir (2000)
9) Seljuk Caravanserais on the route from Denizli to Dogubeyazit (2000)
10) Konya, Konya A Capital of Seljuk Civilisation (2000)
11) Antalya, Alanya Castle and Dockyard (2000)
12) Mardin, Mardin Cultural Landscape (2000)
13) Bursa, Bursa and Cumalikizik Early Ottoman Urban and Rural Settlements (2000)
14) Tarsus, St. Paul Church, St. Pauls Well and surrounding historic quarters (2000)
15) Agri, Ishak Pasha Palace (2000)
16) Antalya , Kas, Kekova (2000)
17) Antalya, Gulluk Mountain Termessos National Park (2000)
18) Aydin, Archaeological Site of Aphrodisias (2009)
19) Antalya, Ancient Cities of Lycian Civilisation (2009)
20) Burdur Archaeological Site Of Sagalassos (2009)
21) Konya,Neolitic Site Of Catalhoyuk (2009)
22) Antalya,Archaeological Site of Perge (2009)
23) Beyşehir, Eşrefoğlu Mosque (2011)
24) Hatay, St. Pierre Church (2011)
25) Bergama-İzmir (2011)
26) Göbeklitepe Archaeological Site (2011)

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